Appendix 2 - Clothing For Evacuation and Sheltering in Place
Clothing should cover the entire body and be made of non-synthetic material. Use natural fabrics, such as cotton, heavy duty denim or pure wool. Cotton undergarment, heavy denim pants, and a cotton long sleeve shirt are preferred. Clothing should fit comfortably, not tight or loose. If polyester comes in contact with heat it will melt and attach to the skin. Some synthetic clothing will ignite at much lower temperature than cotton.
HEAD TO TOE
Hat: Cotton or natural fiber brimmed hat (not straw) w/ chin strap. Wear a hard hat with chin strap if available.
Eye Protection: Sunglasses and/or goggles preferably anti-fog, with side protection and a strap to wrap around the head (for high wind and blowing embers).
Hair Protection: Tie up long hair. Some fire fighters put their extreme long hair in a bag attached to their shirt collar.
Mask: Smoke filtering mask made from cotton or wool such as a handkerchief or scarf to wear over mouth and nose. Sensitive people may consider HEPA face masks.
Shirt: Collared long sleeve shirt and is with a cotton tee shirt underneath
Pants: Long pants made from pure wool or denim (preferably heavy weight with a belt.
Socks: Cotton or wool socks, long and pulled over pant legs.
Shoes: High top shoes or boots with Vibram type soles. (not soft or open toe)
Gloves: Leather gloves w/o wide gauntlets to remove smoldering material.
Other items to consider:
Thick, pure wool blanket, large enough to cover a person completely when crouched or laying down.
Water bottle or canteen w/ carrying strap or looped on belt.
Drinking water during any physical activity is very important and reduces fatigue, small frequent drinks of water helps to prevent heat injuries. One may consume up to a gallon of water when fighting fire. Drink before thirsty.
Remember if your
clothing catches fire to stop, drop, and roll !